A University of Washington study of top-selling laundry products
A University of Washington study of top-selling laundry products and air freshener found the products emitted dozens of different chemicals. All six products tested gave off at least one chemical regulated as toxic or hazardous under federal laws, but none of those chemicals was listed on the product labels.
"I first got interested in this topic because people were telling me that the air fresheners in public restrooms and the scent from laundry products vented outdoors were making them sick," said Anne Steinemann, a UW professor of civil and environmental engineering and public affairs. "And I wanted to know, Aroma Air Freshener in these products that is causing these effects?'"
She analyzed the products to discover the chemicals' identity.
"I was surprised by both the number and the potential toxicity of the chemicals that were found," Steinemann said. Chemicals included acetone, the active ingredient in paint thinner and nail-polish remover; limonene, a molecule with a citrus scent; as well as acetaldehyde, chloromethane and 1,4-dioxane.
"Nearly 100 volatile organic compounds were emitted from these six products, and none were listed on any product label. Plus, five of the six products emitted one or more carcinogenic Aerosol Car Cleaner 'hazardous air pollutants,' which are considered by the Environmental Protection Agency to have no safe exposure level," Steinemann said.
Her study was published online today by the journal Environmental Impact Assessment Review. Steinemann chose not to disclose the brand names of the six products she tested. In a larger study of 25 cleaners, personal care products, air fresheners and laundry products, now submitted for publication, she found that many other brands contained similar chemicals.
Because manufacturers of consumer products are not required to disclose the ingredients, Steinemann analyzed the products to discover their contents. She studied three common air fresheners (a solid deodorizer disk, a liquid spray and a plug-in oil) and three laundry products (a dryer sheet, fabric softener and a detergent), selecting a top seller in each category. She bought household items at a grocery store and asked companies for samples of industrial products.
In the laboratory, each product was placed in an isolated space at room temperature and the surrounding air was analyzed for volatile organic compounds, small molecules that evaporate from the product's surface into the air.
Results showed 58 different volatile organic compounds above a concentration of 300 micrograms per cubic meter, many of which were present in more than one of the six products. For instance, a plug-in air freshener contained more than 20 different volatile organic compounds. Of these, seven are regulated as toxic or hazardous under federal laws. The product label lists no ingredients, and information on the Material Safety Data Sheet, required for workplace handling of chemicals, lists the contents as "mixture of perfume oils."
This study does not address links between exposure to chemicals and health effects. However, two national surveys published by Steinemann and a colleague in 2004 and 2005 found that about 20 percent of the population reported adverse health effects from # air fresheners, and about 10 percent complained of adverse effects from laundry products vented to the outdoors. Among asthmatics such complaints were roughly twice as common.
Manufacturers are not required to list the ingredients used in laundry products and air fresheners. Personal-care products and cleaners often contain similar fragrance chemicals, Steinemann said. And although cosmetics # are required by the Food and Drug Administration to list ingredients, no law requires products of any kind to list chemicals used in fragrances.
"Fragrance chemicals are of particular interest because of the potential for involuntary exposure, or second-hand scents," Steinemann said.
"Be careful if you buy products with fragrance, because you really don't know what's in them," she added. "I'd like to see better labeling. In the meantime, I'd recommend that instead of air fresheners people use ventilation, and with laundry products, choose fragrance-free versions."
The European Union recently enacted legislation requiring products to list 26 fragrance chemicals when they are present above a certain concentration in cosmetic products and detergents. No similar laws exist in the United States.
"I hope this study will raise public awareness, and reduce exposures to potentially hazardous chemicals," said Steinemann.
Phthalates soften polyvinyl chloride products such as toys, raincoats, shower curtains and medical tubing, and are found in upholstery, detergents and cosmetics as well as air fresheners.
Lab animal studies show that some phthalates interfere with hormonal systems, disrupt testosterone production and cause malformation of sex organs. Some studies of humans have shown a link between exposure and adverse changes in the genitals of baby boys.
The Natural Resource Defense Council sent 14 air fresheners to be tested for phthalates in an independent lab. The tests found that 12 products, including those marked "all natural," contained phthalates.
Gina Solomon, a physician and researcher at the Natural Resources Defense Council, said her group focused its studies on phthalates but is concerned about the lack of information and testing of all of the chemicals in air fresheners.
The industry's trade group issued a statement Wednesday, criticizing the testing as "extremely limited."
However, a Walgreens spokeswoman said the tests prompted the company to act. The drugstore company will conduct its own tests on the products, she said.
"We have ordered our stores to remove those air freshener mentioned in the report from the shelves and quarantine them," spokeswoman Carol Hiively said. "We will have them tested independently. One of our manufacturers has informed us that before this study it was already in the process of reformulating for a non-phthalate air freshener."
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The aim of World Toilet Day Reed Diffuser for sale
Americans, on the other hand, favoured newspaper, corn cobs and sand. The aim of World Toilet Day Reed Diffuser for sale is to create global awareness around the fact that millions of people around the world do not have access to basic sanitation.html
3 http://listverse. This is because poor sanitation and hygiene leads to the spread of infectious bacterial diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and polio, to name but a few.
We use toilets every single day without much thought at all - but how much do we actually know about the history of these inventions? For interest's sake, here are twelve quick and dirty facts about toilets and hygiene:
World Toilet Day is on the 19th of November and has been an annual day of 'celebration' in over 19 countries since 2001. The best way in which to keep your toilets sparkling clean and germ-free is to make use of quality bleach cleaning products.com/2013/03/20/things-you-didnt-know-about-toilets_n_2917253.. The average person uses the lavatory about seven times per day.huffingtonpost. Contrary to popular belief, it was recently proven that the toilet seat is actually one of the cleanest parts of the bathroom. According to a worldwide survey that was conducted in the early 90s, the following countries are known for having the worst public lavatories: The United Kingdom, Thailand, Greece, France. In fact, your desk harbours 400 times the amount of bacteria than that of your household lavatory! The first air freshener, designed to rid bathrooms of unpleasant odours, was a pomegranate studded with cloves. The first flushing toilet in the United Kingdom was invented by Sir John Harrington, who was also Queen # Elizabeth's godson. The reason why it is the ultimate choice when it comes to kitchen and bathroom cleaning is because it has been developed especially to help keep germs at bay with very little effort required on your part. Not only # that, but it is also one of the cleanest surfaces in your entire house. Before 1739, all public bathrooms were unisex. Before toilet paper was invented, British people made use of sheep's wool, while French royalty preferred to utilise soft lace. Don't forget to wash your hands!
1 http://itthing. The White House has a total of 35 bathrooms. The average person spends approximately three years of his/her lifetime sitting on the loo.com/50-fun-toilet-facts
2 http://www.8 million people per year, many of whom are children.9% of all germs on contact. Bleach is able to kill up to 99. Just one application of Domestos each day will be more than enough to stop harmful bacteria from spreading around your household, ensuring that your family stays healthy, happy and protected.
So, there you have it - some quick and dirty facts about toilets from around the world. In India, people used their left hand to wipe (which is why, to this day, most Indians will only ever eat with their right hand); and, in Hawaii, the go-to solution was coconut shells
It is all a matter of personal preference.
These fresheners also allow a person the ability to purchase air-freshener refills. Many people use the liquid-air- freshener in multiple areas of the home or office just for this reason. This can make things a bit more economical as they no longer need to purchase entire replacements in order to get the rewards that air fresheners offer them. Air freshener preparations often also include terpenes such as limonene. By only needing to be refilled from time to time makes it a perfect option for both the home or office scenario. There are many different kinds of fresheners available and one of them is bound to suit the needs that you have. The Glade name is a highly reputable maker when it comes to air freshening products.
Research at the University of California found that the prominent products of the reaction of terpenes found in air fresheners with ozone included formaldehyde, hydroxyl radical, and secondary organic aerosol. From air freshener dispensers, air freshener refills, or simple everyday air fresheners, you can find the perfect thing that will work for the situation that you are in. A report issued in 2005 by the Bureau Europeen des Unions de Consommateurs (BEUC) found that many air freshener Mini Air Freshener Spray Suppliers products emit allergens and toxic air pollutants including benzene, formaldehyde, terpenes, styrene, phthalates, and toluene.
Whether it is the office or the home there are a lot of odors that can creep up that are less than aromatic.
Hygo offers a huge assortment of air freshener products that can help you keep the fresh smelling air wherever you may be.[Air fresheners may also contain phosphates, chlorine bleach, or ammonia.
Basic ingredients in air fresheners typically include formaldehyde, aerosol propellant, petroleum distillates, and p-dichlorobenzene. They are very simple to use and can last quite an extensive period of time. By using items such as these there is no longer a need to worry about customers or family members being offended by these odors.
Many people use the popular Glade air freshener products that are on the market.
These are a must have when it comes to cleaning supplies to have on hand in your office or home.
Using a liquid-air-freshener is a very convenient option when it comes to refreshing the air of a room. No one likes to smell the nasty odors that can arise throughout the course of a day. This is China Aroma Air Freshener Suppliers why many people look for air freshener to help eliminate those odors from their homes and offices. Aldehydes, ketones, esters, alcohols and other synthetic fragrances are also used. Looking through the products that they offer their customers will show you all of the options that are available. There are many different options a person has when it comes to Glade air freshener items that can range from the disposable forms to those that are refillable.
Air freshener dispensers work in a very convenient way as we see above.
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Checking carwholesale 3volution;s air conditioning is one of them
Checking carwholesale 3volution;s air conditioning is one of them.
Many motorist turn on their car Air conditioning system for the first time after long winter and as soon as they press the AC button, they witness some nasty smell.
No Cooling Or Slow Cooling
Your car&China Aerosol Cleaner Suppliers39;s air con use refrigerant gas to produce cold breezy air. He recommends motorists to take their car for air con recharge and make their vehicle summer ready. However, this won't fix the build-up in your car's air conditioning system. Most motorists try to fix smell trouble using an air freshener or a strong deodorizer. It's probably caused by those bacteria that have started living in your cooling system and have made it a breeding playground.
While filling air con, get you engine oil and other important parts checks for safe drive always. As you continue using the system, the refrigerant level to goes down over time. Breathing such air can lead to allergies and other health problems. However, many market surveys show that 1 out # of 5 car owners overlook the manufacturer's recommendation of recharging air con at every 2 years. And next, get your car's air con checked by an expert mechanic. To the contrary, many studies show that wind drag generated by a car driven above the speed of 55mph will consume more fuel while windows are open than using AC with all windows closed. He enjoys writing about different topics of car services and repair. Most of the cooling system issues are triggered due to poor air flow surrounding the radiator.
Got Air Con Recharged? Now Keep Your Car AC ON
Compared to old-time cars, today's cars feature more efficient air conditioning system. However the modern cooling system in cars run on fuel, and thus, many car drivers prefer to keep their windows down while on the road thinking it will save them some pounds. There are a few quick checks that can help you drive happily on the road and save you from ending up stranded somewhere on the road. If you want to enjoy cool summer driving, it is wise to first clean your cooling unit of leaves, dust and debris of all # kinds.
Car air con, like other car parts, demands regular maintenance. A mechanic can also have fix leakage issues, if any, quickly before it damages other parts of your vehicle and cause big repair bills.
Below are some key reasons why you need to get your car air con checked before turning it on for summer driving.
Happy summer driving!
The author is an independent content writer and editor based in Walton. In such scenario, your car AC will fail to blow cold air even when ON.
If you find that your car AC is not cooling properly or not functioning at all, you may need to visit a nearby garage for air con recharge . Air con service isn't a part of your regular car service.
Engine overheating and coolant issues are two of the biggest reasons of car breakdowns in summer..
Well, if you want to prepare your car for summer driving, trust me it's easier and more affordable than you may be thinking. Besides, sometimes leakage occurs in the system which either empty or lower refrigerant in your air con. Thus, it is recommended to take your car for air con inspection at a local garage
The final step is to close one end of the hose, and to connect
The final step is to close one end of the hose, and to connect the other end to a tap. Mix it all well and give a generous spray to all the affected parts of the plant, especially the underside of the leaves. If there&Aerosol Car Cleaner39;s a miracle solution that can battle most pests and diseases, it would be water. Rooftop gardening or balcony gardening (for people who don't have access to a terrace) has been the latest trend among apartment owners who want their own slice of heaven in the midst of the hustle and bustle of city life. Of these, we should try to keep out the non beneficial ones like birds (who attack vegetables and fruits) and pests/diseases that might affect the yield/quality of the plant. Make sure that you don't do this the night before a day where heavy rain is expected. Add 10 ml of neem oil to 1 liter of water. Some want to just start up a new hobby, some want to teach their kids the importance of vegetables (most kids would eat vegetables that they themselves grew) and gardening. The reasons plants need to be watered are many. Turn on the tap and your drip irrigation system is ready. She writes on wide variety of things that gives information, knowledge and wisdom. Procedure Take the growing medium, fill it up to three quarter of the container. You can grow vegetables, you can grow flowers, you can grow herbs, or you can do a mix of all of them and have a mixed garden. Man is so busy with his stressful and busy life that he hardly has any time to appreciate how garden is humbly trying to help you balance your life. The growing medium should consist of Soil, Coco Peat (or sand, since they have an ability to retain water in them) and vermi-compost (organic fertilizer that can be made in your own home) in equal quantities. 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You could pin the hose down with strings or rope. After planning what type of garden you want to have, and selecting high quality organic seeds for the plants you want to grow, leave them in a shallow bowl filled with water overnight so that the seeds swell up and germination process is sped up. Another way to tackle this problem would be to use neem oil. Having gardened at home makes you feel closer to nature. If you see that there are ants gathering on any of the plants, in most cases, it means that you have a pest/disease problem at hand. If you do find any spots, use the hose and give the entire plant a wash. Do-It-Yourself Drip Irrigation System Irrigation System First, plan how you want the irrigation line to travel along the plant pots/containers. Make sure you have ideal gardening conditions the next day before you start the soaking process. You can build your own simple drip irrigation system with things found commonly in any household